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Depression

As can be seen below, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) currently has the most research evidence for the treatment of depression in children, and CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) are preferred therapies for adolescent depression. Treatments can be administered in a variety of different formats, each of which has varying levels of research support.

Please click here to read more about specific evidence-based treatment programs for depression.

Children

Well-Established
What does this mean?
 
Probably Efficacious
What does this mean?
  • Behavior Therapy
Possibly Efficacious
N/A
     
  • Child group psychoeducation, plus parent intervention
  • Family Therapy
 

Adolescents

Well-Established
What does this mean?
 
Probably Efficacious
What does this mean?
 
Possibly Efficacious
What does this mean?
N/A
Experimental
What does this mean?
     
  • Self-directed bibliotherapy
  • IPT for Depression group, adolescent only
  • Nondirected support group, adolescent only
  • Family Therapy
 

Source: David-Ferndon, C., Kaslow, N. J. (2008). Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 62-104.

Note: Evidence for efficacious interventions that reduce depression is based on data indicating significant reductions in depressive symptoms and/or depressive disorder diagnoses. Accordingly, it should be noted that some of the data used to support the interventions listed above are based on clinically-referred and/or school-based normative samples of youth.

 
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